Pomodoro Focus

Meta Info

Pomodoro Focus
Author: Stijn Dejongh
Published on: 2023-08-26 00:00:00 +0000 UTC
Ammerse Values :
A: Mi: M: E: R: S: Ex:

Problem statement

You are distracted by various inputs from your environment, causing you to not finish tasks you set out to do.


  • Your tasks get finished more often, or at least move to a point where (part of) the work can be considered “completed”.
  • Your days stop feeling like you are running all over the place without accomplishing much.
  • You feel less resistance to starting a task.

Contextual forces

What is this? These describe factors at play that influence the outcome of the practice. They are not necessarily good or bad, but they are important to be aware of. Some contextual forces are enablers, giving the practice a higher chance of being useful. Others are deterrents, making the practice less useful in your given context.


  • You wish to complete tasks to be best of your ability, and as fast as circumstances allow.
  • The tasks you perform require your attention, and take sufficiently long to achieve.
  • You can split your tasks into smaller parts, each adding some value on their own accord.
  • You have some autonomy on how you allocate your time.


  • Your main activity requires you to switch between various tasks quickly.
  • The tasks you are performing often take a few moments of your time and do not require focus.
  • Your environment rewards looking busy over being busy.


  • Set a timer1 for a fixed amount of time. This timebox is called a “pomodoro”.
    • Commonly, 25 minutes is used as a base value.
  • Distance yourself from all distractions, and work on one task until the timer notifies you.
  • After completing a time box, take a 5-minute break.
  • Set a new timer, and repeat.
  • After completing four iterations, take an extended break.

For tasks that require a long time to complete, decide beforehand how much time you will invest in it now. It helps to specify a specific amount of pomodoro timers that you will devote to working on the task. You stop when the task is done, or your time allocation runs out. Whichever comes first.

tip: The pomodoro technique works well if you split your tasks down into smaller chunks that can be accomplished within a single pomodoro.


“The hardest part is getting started.” Reducing the resistance to start a task can help practitioners to overcome the inertia. The pomodoro technique aims to achieve this by introducing the reassurance that the end is in sight. Rather than committing to fully complete an endeavour, a practitioner is committing to work on a certain task for a fixed period of time.

Adding a certain element of gamification, and quantifiability, to the process helps motivate people to work towards their goals more frequently and consistently.


  • Disruption in Collaborative Environments: The technique may disrupt team workflows if pomodoro cycles of individual team members are not synchronized.The focus on minimizing distractions can reduce spontaneous, valuable interactions with team members, potentially impacting collaboration and innovation.
  • Perceived Rudeness: By actively discouraging interruptions, individuals using the technique may come across as rude or uncooperative to colleagues. Overuse of the technique can lead to feelings of isolation, as it discourages social interactions during work periods.
  • Overemphasis on Timers: Focus on timers might become a distraction, reducing natural workflow. Focusing too much on the timer can lead to a counterproductive obsession with time management, rather than actual task completion and quality.
  • Rigidity: The fixed intervals might not suit all types of tasks or personal working styles.
  • Break Mismanagement: Poor management of break times can lead to loss of momentum or extended procrastination. The standard 5-minute breaks may not be enough for some individuals to recharge effectively, leading to fatigue over time.

Mitigation Strategies

  • Flexibility: Allow some flexibility in the duration of pomodoros and breaks to accommodate different types of tasks and individual needs.
  • Communication: Clearly communicate with colleagues about your use of the technique to avoid misunderstandings and ensure collaborative work is not hindered.
  • Adaptability: Modify the technique to fit the nature of your work and personal preferences, such as adjusting the length of work intervals and breaks.
  • Balance: Ensure a balance between focused work periods and spontaneous interactions to maintain healthy team dynamics and personal well-being.


A command line pomodoro timer

If you do not have a mechanical timer available, you can use your computer’s terminal to act the part. The script below, published by Byron Salty on GitHub is an excellent way of doing this. On MacBooks, the say command makes your computer talk to you.


if [ -z "$1" ]; then
  let min=25 
  let min=$1
echo "Waiting ${min} minutes"

for i in $(seq 1 $min)
  sleep 60  
  let rem=min-i
  echo -ne "${rem} minutes remaining\\r"
echo ""

msg="Pomodoro completare"
echo $msg
say -v Luca $msg


  1. Old-school kitchen timers in the shape of a tomato are where this technique got its name. The Italian word for “tomato” being “pomodoro”↩︎